May Holidays in France
There are many holidays in May in France:
- May 1st is Labor Day (la fête du travail)
- May 8th is the end of WWII
- In May, we have a Christian holiday, l’Ascension (this year the 10th)
- and another Christian holiday” la Pentecôte” is sometimes in May (this year May 20th-21th)
What Does “Faire le Pont” Mean in French?
Now all these wouldn’t be too bad if the French didn’t have this habit of “faire le pont” – literally “to do the bridge.” This means that when a holiday is on a Tuesday or a Thursday, the day which links over to the the weekend is also off for the employees (who still get paid).
So for example, this year, Leyla’s (our 12 year old daughter) school will be closed on Thursday the 10th (Ascension) and also Friday the 11th – because it “forms a bridge” to the weekend. “L’école de Leyla fait le pont” – Leyla’s school will have a 4 day break (the 10th, the 11th, and then the weekend the 12th and the 13th).
“how much does it cost? (to the economy)”
“A bag of coal, a pack of beer, lamb sausages, skewers…”
Image credits: Ouest France
Watch Out For Extended May Weekends in France
This affects schools (read more about the French school system here) and other institutions including banks, museums, and some supermarkets…
And of course it has a tremendous influence on the price of train tickets and the traffic on the roads. You can count on major traffic jams.
This year, it’s not too bad: only one long weekend. But sometimes most weekends in May end up being long ones…
Something to be aware of when planning your trip to France!
May 1st : Labor Day, May Day and Lily-of-the-valley day in France
May 1st is Labor Day in France. So it’s a holiday, and people don’t work and most shops are closed. Except florists!
On May 1st, it’s the tradition to give each other “un brin de muguet” (a sprig of lily-of-the-valley, pronounce it “mu gay”) for luck. Well, most people give a bunch, a small bouquet, or a live plant that you can then plant in your garden. It’s now fashionable to also mix a couple of stands of lily-of-the-valley with a rose…
When I was much younger, kids would go pick some in the woods, and sell them on the streets. I have not seen it done in a long time, but seeing wild lily-of-the-valley is not uncommon in France. If you let it, it would take over your garden!
More info about lily-ot-the-valley and this French tradition on wikipedia (in French)
May in France Vocabulary
- Le mois de mai – May, pronounced just like “mais” (but) in French
- Le muguet – lily-of-the-valley (pronounced “mu gay”)
- Un brin de muguet- a twig, a sprig of lily-of-the-valley
- Un bouquet de muguet– a bouquet, a bunch of lily-of-the-valley
- Un pot de muguet- a pot of lily-of-the-valley
- Offrir – to give as a gift
- Offrir du muguet – to give some lily-of-the-valley
- Un porte-bonheur – a good luck charm
- Joyeux Premier Mai – Happy May Day
- Joyeuse fête du travail – Happy Labor Day
- Joyeuse fête des mères – Happy Mother’s Day
- Est-ce que vous faites le pont de la Pentecôte ? Are you having an extended weekend around La Pentecôte?
- Je vais profiter du pont pour partir en vacances. I’ll take advantage of the long weekend to go on vacation.
And of course, another big celebration in May in France is Mother’s day!
In order to learn about French culture and French language in context, check out my downloadable French audiobooks, featuring different speeds of recording and enunciation, and focussing on today’s modern glided pronunciation, exclusively on sale on French Today.