French Accents Explained

Author: Camille Chevalier-Karfis

Let’s learn the French accent marks and the shortcuts to type French accents on Windows, Mac, iOS and Android phones etc…

The French language has a number of special characters like ç “c cédille” and accents like:

Typing accents in French is problematic for people who are typing on an English keyboard.

First will study the list of French accents and special characters, then I’ll tell you how you can type them on different devices and computers even if you are not using a keyboard with accents built-in.

But first, a French accent cheat sheet shortcut!

French Accent

Wait a second… you were looking for tips on how improve your French accent. Wrong page! Follow the link to my 9 proven tips!

French Accents Cheat Sheet

Bookmark this page and copy/paste these French accents and special characters for when you type in French… I’ve added a few other French symbols I thought you may find useful….

é É à À è È ù Ù â  ê Ê î Î ô Ô û Û ë Ë ï Ï ü Ü ç Ç œ Œ « » €

Now seriously, let’s study the French accents.

4 French Accent Marks – French Accents List

This article features audio recordings. Click the blue text next to the headphone to hear me say that word or sentence in French.

Accent NameFrench exampleEnglish translationConsequences of the French accent mark
Circumflex accent
Un accent cironflexe
In modern spoken French pronunciation, no difference for â, î, ô, û

Changes the pronunciation of the e in ê
Grave accent
Un accent grave
In modern spoken French, no pronunciation difference for à, ù

Changes the pronunciation of the e in è
Acute accent
Un accent aigu
´étésummerChanges the pronunciation of the e in é
Un tréma
Consecutive vowels must be pronounced separately

Would you like to know how to pronounce é and è and all the French vowels? I invite you to read my free French vowel lesson with audio.

Also, although this is not an accent per se, I’m sure you’ve wondered about this French symbol: the c with a cedilla.

A cedilla
Une cédille
Changes the pronunciation
of the c + a, o, u in
a soft S sound

Need more help with your French pronunciation? Check out my Secrets of French Pronunciation Masterclass. Learn French offline, at home or on the go on any device!

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More Details & Audio Samples

Now that you now how to call the French accent marks and how to pronounce them, let’s see how you can type French accents on an English QWERTY keyboard.

But first let me address a simple, yet essential question.

Is Typing French Accents Necessary?

Whether the French accent changes the French pronunciation of the letter or is just a written symbol, if a word is spelled with an accent in French, well, you need to type it that way…

Accents are still very much used in written French nowadays, and absolutely necessary when you are writing a letter in French, or even a formal email.

This being said more and more often French people are dropping accents when they are typing fast, or texting in French.

Because I lived 17 years in the US, I’m used to typing on an English QWERTY keyboard. When I email my friends in French, I often don’t use accents – even though I do know the shortcuts… I’m just lazy that way!

Would a French person be able to read a message written without accents? Yes they will.
So, don’t worry too much about typing accents when you’re emailing your French friends!

However, if you are typing a formal French letter, or typing something for your French class, you’ll need to type the accents in French. Which leads us to our next point.

How Do You Type French Accents?

English keyboards present their letters in an QWERTY layout. French keyboards generally use the AZERTY layout, which has some major differences from our familiar QWERTY – including some special keys for typing accents.

So, on a French AZERTY keyboard, it’s really fast to type accents – and the French are accustomed to using the right accent keys.

Thank goodness, it’s getting easier and easier to type French accents on English keyboards as well.

Here is how you can type accents on different devices:

How To Type French Accents On iPhone & Android

Typing a French accent on a mobile phone is quite easy.

Press and hold the letter you would like to add the accent to for a second or two and a list of accented letters will pop up. You can then easily choose the appropriate French accent.

For example, to type a é press on e and hold, the accent menu appears, make your selection by sliding your finger to the desired accent and releasing your finger.

This shortcut is supported on all iOS and most Android OS versions.

To type French accents on an older Android phone I suggest you download the free Microsoft SwiftKey Keyboard app. Then you’ll be able to type French accents just as described above.

How To Type French Accents On A PC – Mac & Windows

Click and hold

Most modern Mac & PCs also work like the mobile keyboard: just click and hold the character you’d like to add an accent to and in an instant, a pop up will appear allowing you to either click on the desired accented character with your mouse, or type in the number key located under the accent in the pop up.

Keyboard Shortcuts

There are shortcuts to type accents on a PC. These should work on all Mac computers and most Windows computers:

  1. hold down the CTRL/Option key continuously
  2. type the key that’s been chosen to represent the accent: you will see the accent appear on your screen
  3. release the CTRL/option key
  4. type the letter over which the accent should go
    For accented uppercase, do the same thing but press Shift and then the letter.
    You will now see the letter with the accent on your screen.
AccentHow to type the French accentLetter
Continuously hold the CTRL/Option key and typerelease then type
à, è, ù` (to the left of number 1)a, e, u
â, ê, î, ô, û^ (caret above your number 6)a, e, i, o, u
ë, ï, üue, i, u

So you’ll need to press 3 keys to type a letter with a French accent.

For example:

  1. Type é by pressing option/CTRL e simultaneously and then e
  2. Type à by pressing option/CTRL ` simultaneously and then a
  3. Type ô by pressing option/CTRL ^ simultaneously and then o
English qwerty keyboard with French accents shortcuts highlighted

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Copy / Pasting Accented Characters

If for some reason nothing above works, just copy/paste my French accents cheat sheet below!

é É à À è È ù Ù â  ê Ê î Î ô Ô û Û ë Ë ï Ï ü Ü ç Ç œ Œ « » €

I hope this helped! If you know another method, please describe it clearly in the comments below and I’ll add it to this article.

Still can’t manage to type your French accents? Check out this article on wikiHow.

Now I’m going to digress a bit… but it may be useful for you to know how to spell a French accent in a word you are spelling out-loud.

How Do You Spell Out An Accent In French?

There are several ways of spelling words with accents in French.

In formal school-like spelling, you will just name the letter and the full name and sometimes even position of the accent.

In informal spelling, as in spelling a French word to a friend, you could be more creative… You could say “e accent” or “e accent aigu” or even just say é : the later being much more common among French people than saying “e accent aigu”.

On the subject of spelling, you may be interested in my free lesson on French punctuation.

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Author: Camille Chevalier-Karfis

Camille Chevalier-Karfis

Born and raised in Paris, I have been teaching today's French to adults for 25+ years in the US and France. Based on my students' goals and needs, I've created unique downloadable French audiobooks focussing on French like it's spoken today, for all levels. Come to Paimpol and enjoy an exclusive French immersion homestay with me in Brittany.

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