La Madeleine: Former Site of a Synagogue
This Neoclassical building was originally designed to be a temple to celebrate “the glory of the great army” (Napoléon’s army, Napoléon’s words), but it was not the first house of worship to sit on this site.
Back in 1182 there was a synagogue here that was seized by 15-year-old King Philip II (after he banished all Jews from France), which was then “converted” by Bishop Maurice de Sully into a church dedicated to Mary Magdalene.
Many Different Plans: Churches or Train Station?
But between seizure of synagogues and Napoléon’s temple, there were many plans for the site.
Louis XV wanted a church like that of Les Invalides, but that ended with the architect’s death.
The next designer started to build a domed church like the Pantheon in Rome, but revolutionaries—who thought a library, ballroom or market would be more useful—put an end to that.
Even after Napoléon, when Louis XVIII again decided it would be a church dedicated to St. Mary Magdalene, there was brief talk (in 1837) of using the building as the first train station in Paris!
More articles in this series:
The Monuments of Paris — L’Arc de Triomphe
The Monuments of Paris — L’Avenue des Champs-Elysées
The Monuments of Paris — L’Obélisque de Luxor
The Monuments of Paris — La Madeleine
The Monuments of Paris — L’Opéra
The Monuments of Paris — Le Moulin Rouge
The Monuments of Paris — Le Sacré-Coeur
The Monuments of Paris — Le Louvre
The Monuments of Paris — Notre Dame
The Monuments of Paris — La Tour Eiffel
The Monuments of Paris — Père Lachaise Cemetery