As a teacher for adults, I am often surprised to see that my students have forgotten how to study. So, here are some pointers for people who want to learn French to speak and communicate, not only to pass exams.
Click on the audio bar to listen to my tips on how to best improve your French speaking skills.
1 – Study French with Audio
If you are familiar with my site, you know how much I emphasise that written French and spoken French are like 2 different languages.
So if you want to be able to speak French, you must train with audio. But not any audio: the speed is essential, and should be adapted to your level, as should the content. Never train with something too challenging.
Choose a text you understand mostly, maybe something you already studied some time ago, so the vocabulary is mostly known to you.
You can guess some words out of the context, but the idea here is not to train your understanding capacity, but train your speaking ability: work on your pronunciation, memorize common sentences and expressions, get the courage to speak out loud.
- Play a very short passage, a short sentence, then repeat. Don’t read the transcript; just repeat, trying to imitate the speaker as if you were an actor.
- Repeat as many times as necessary.
- Once you have the pronunciation down, then, and only then, you can look at the transcript and translation if you need to figure out the meaning of a word or two.
- If you are more advanced, read out loud over the voice that is reading, and study how your pronunciation differs. Pay close attention to the word grouping, where the reader breathes, and don’t forget to respect the liaisons and the eventual glidings.
2 – Practice with Questions/Answers out loud
A great way to practice speaking is to ask short questions on a text and answer them.
- First of all, that will give you good training on question building, which is an essential part of conversation.
- Then you can answer the questions and practice your speaking ability.
For example, you can use the companion workbook I developed to accompany my audio novel “Une Semaine à Paris, a traveler’s guide with a novel twist“.
3 – Go from English to French
When memorizing new vocabulary, remember that it’s not because you understand the French word that you could come up with it.
I have seen people approach lists of vocabulary by looking at the French and seeing if they can understand the English; this is good to build your understanding of French, but not your speaking ability.
Au contraire, you need to look at the English, and see if you can come up with the French.
Making your own French Flashcards are a great way to memorize a lot of vocabulary. Don’t forget to always have an article to go with a noun so you learn the gender as well as the noun.
4 – Find Someone to Correct your French Pronunciation
You can find good resources to learn French pronunciation (like my masterclass “Secrets of French Pronunciation“) and it is indeed important that you memorize and understand the many rules of French pronunciation.
But then, you need someone to listen to you and correct your mistakes. No software or recorded lesson can do that. It needs to be a real person.
This investment in a couple of private French lessons (maybe by phone or Skype?) can change your French accent for the rest of your French speaking life.
You may also try to use the voice recognition software of your mobile device to dictate things in French. You can switch the language to French, and record your own text this way. However, if your pronunciation is not right, the software won’t recognize the word. It can get frustrating since you’ll have no one to tell you what you should be saying… But at least, it will help you figure out if you French pronunciation is good.
Avoid linking the French word to the English word as much as possible.
When you learn the word “le chien”, picture a dog in your head, and link the French word to this.
Going through another language is a waste of time and effort, and will cause trouble when the French and English don’t follow the same pattern.
6 – You Cannot Avoid French grammar
Not in French. Sorry.
French is a very structured language, and you need to understand this structure.
Then you can move on to acquiring reflexes, and have the words come naturally to you.
But at one point, you need to understand how French works, how you must arrange the words to build a sentence. And that is what grammar is.
7 – Don’t Learn your Verbs “in Order”
Typically, French verbs are taught from “Je” to “Ils”.
The problem is that when you memorize something in order, your brain memorizes the order as well. And then you have to go through the whole list to get to the “ils” form…
Instead, write down your subject pronouns, and then pick them at random. Believe me, you’ll gain a lot of speed when speaking. And don’t forget to train in the negative form as well. Check out my French Verb Drills, they are the best tool to memorize French verb tenses and gain speed.
8 – Repetition is the key
When you spend time memorizing something, your brain will store it in its short term memory.
Only experience and repetition will store the info in your long term memory.
So it’s better to work on your French regularly, for say 20 minutes per day and do a lot of repetitions, than spend 3 hours on it once a week.
9 – Ultimately you need to get Faster
Once you are at an intermediate level, you need to make the transition from “thinking” the language to speaking it automatically. Build reflexes.
- That is where sentence learning can be useful, especially ones with French pronouns.
- Make lists of common yet complex French pronoun sentences: “il m’a dit”, “je lui ai donné” etc… and memorize them.
- Also, train on saying things that are relevant to you, and likely to come up in conversation: what you like to do, your job, your family situation…
If you liked my tips on the best way to study French for speaking, you may also like my tips on
- The best way to study French for listening and understanding.
- Top 12 tips to learn French efficiently and
- How to speak today’s modern spoken French
You’ll find exclusive mini lessons, tips, pictures and more daily on French Today’s Facebook, Twitter and Pinterest pages – so join me there!
Learn French in context: check out French Today’s downloadable French audiobooks: French Today’s bilingual novels are recorded at different speeds and enunciation, and focus on today’s modern glided pronunciation.