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French House Terms w/ Audio 🏡

Camille Chevalier-Karfis By Camille Chevalier-Karfis - updated on Oct 3, 2020
typical french house

Learn and hear the French names of various rooms of the house, how to say home vs house in French and more French house terms with lots of audio recordings.

1 – How Do You Say House in French?

House is French is “la maison“. It’s a feminine French word.

La maison est grande – the house is big.

This article features audio recordings. Click the blue text next to the headphone to hear me say that word or sentence in French.

Note that when applicable, I used a modern spoken French pronunciation.

2 – How Do You Translate Home in French?

The notion of home in French is a bit more difficult to translate. You can use “la maison” :

On est à la maison – we’re home !

A common way to translate the notion of home in French is “(mon) chez moi“.

Ici, c’est (mon) chez moi – here, it’s my home.

You’ll modify the stress pronoun (the “moi”) to match the subject :

  1. for je: chez moi,
  2. for tu : chez toi,
  3. for il: chez lui,
  4. for elle: chez elle,
  5. for on: chez soi,
  6. for nous: chez nous,
  7. for vous: chez vous,
  8. for ils: chez eux,
  9. for elles: chez elles…
  10. or use a name : chez Pierre, chez Anne…

3 – What Are the French Names of The Various Rooms in a House?

  1. l’entrée – entrance, foyer
  2. la salle de séjour – family room
  3. le salon – (fancy) living room
  4. le bureau – office
  5. la chambre – bedroom
  6. la salle à manger – dining room
  7. la cuisine – kitchen
  8. le garage – garage
  9. l’atelier – workshop
  10. la buanderie – linen / laundry room
  11. le sous-sol – basement
  12. le grenier – attic
  13. la cave – cellar

4 – Kitchen in French = La Cuisine

  1. la cuisine – kitchen
  2. le frigo – refrigerator
  3. le congélateur – freezer
  4. l’évier (m) – sink
  5. la cuisinière à gaz – gas stove
  6. la cuisinière électrique – electric stove
  7. le four – oven
  8. le micro-ondes – microwaves
  9. les provisions (f) – food

Learn the French house vocabulary as a longer list and then illustrated within the context of the real-life like story translated into English and recorded in French at different levels of enunciation (traditional and modern) in my French learning method.

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5 – Living-room in French = Le salon

  1. le salon – living room
  2. le divan – couch
  3. le fauteuil – armchair
  4. les bibelots (m) – knick-knacks
  5. l’étagère (f) – shelf
  6. le bureau – desk
  7. le lustre – chandelier (more French light vocabulary)
  8. le téléviseur – TV set
  9. la stéréo – stereo
  10. le tableau – painting in a frame (art)

6 – Bedroom in French = la chambre

  1. la pièce = room (any room)
  2. la chambre = bedroom (not any room)
  3. la chambre à coucher = bedroom (very specific)
  4. le lit – bed
  5. le matelas – mattress
  6. le drap-housse – fitted sheet
  7. le drap normal – flat sheet
  8. la couverture (en laine) – (wool) blanket
  9. le dessus-de-lit – bedspread
  10. l’oreiller (m) – pillow
  11. la table de chevet – night stand
  12. la lampe de chevet – bedside lamp
  13. le réveil (électronique) – (electronic) alarm clock
  14. la penderie – wardrobe
  15. la commode – dresser
  16. le tiroir – drawer
  17. le linge – laundry

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7 – Bathroom in French = La Salle de Bains

More about how to ask where the bathroom is in French + French bathroom vocabulary.

  1. la salle de bains – bathroom
  2. la baignoire – bathtub
  3. la douche – shower
  4. le carrelage – tiles
  5. le lavabo – sink
  6. les toilettes (f) – the toilet

8 – Various French House Terms

  1. l’allée (f) – driveway, pathway
  2. le jardin – garden
  3. la cour – courtyard
  4. la porte – door
  5. la porte d’entrée – front door
  6. le couloir – corridor
  7. le mur – a wall
  8. le tapis – carpet
  9. la moquette – wall to wall carpeting
  10. la cheminée – fireplace
  11. la fenêtre – window
  12. le rideau – curtain
  13. le porte manteau – coat rack
  14. le papier peint – wallpaper
  15. l’étage (m) – floor
  16. l’ascenseur – elevator
  17. les escaliers (m) – staircase
  18. le plafond – ceiling
  19. le sol – the ground / the floor (as opposite to the ceiling)
  20. le plancher – hardwood floor
  21. le carrelage – tile floor

If you’d like to help me make a better list, please suggest more French house terms in French with English translation in the comment below and I’ll add your suggestions to the list. Thank you!

9 – How To Count Floors in French?

The French word for floor is “l’étage“.

In French, we count the floors from one floor up from the ground/street level. So the street level floor is “le rez-de-chaussée“. Then you have “le premier étage“, “le deuxième étage“, “le troisième étage” and so on…

So watch out! The floor your rental apartment is on may be one floor up than what you expected!

10 – How to say Porch in French?

(oct 3rd: I’ve just added this section but I can’t record it because it’s pouring outside – there’s actually a storm in Brittany right now – and my microphone is picking up the sound of the rain on the roof… So the audio will be coming as soon as possible!! Sorry)

Many houses in the US feature a porch. It can be a closed or an open porch. It’s not something very common in France. Just like the wooden deck, some 19th century “beach” houses – like in Arcachon – would have an open porch, but it’s not a typical French feature.

So how would you translate porch in French? It’s a bit tricky. The dictionary would tell you that the translation for porch is “un porche”.

OK. However a French person may never have seen a typical American house porch… In which case you’d have to describe the idea to them.

How to say an open porch in French?

To translation the notion of an open porch, I would say “une galerie en bois”.

Devant ma maison, il y a un galerie en bois avec une jolie barrière et des fauteuil en osier pour s’asseoir et boire un thé glacé.
In front of my house, there’s a wooden porch with a pretty fence and wicker armchairs to sit down and enjoy an iced-tea.

How to say a closed porch in French?

To translate the notion of a closed porch in French, we would say “une véranda”, or “une salle-à-manger d’été” (a summer dinning-room !!).

Quand j’habitais à Boston, sur le côté de ma maison il y avait une salle-à-manger d’été : une pièce avec des fenêtres partout et des moustiquaires, un peu comme une véranda fermée.
When I lived in Boston, on the side to my house, there was a closed porch: a room full of windows with mosquito screens, a bit like a closed verandah.

11 – How to say balcony in French?

Who hasn’t seen pictures of typical Paris apartments featuring beautiful balconies with wrought iron?

A balcony in French is called “un balcon”. It can be very narrow and extend just in front of a window, or be like an outdoor path sticking out of the building wall. Sometimes a balcony leads to a patio.

In any case, having even a small balcony in a city apartment can be a real luxury!

How do you say a deck, a patio in French? This will be part of my French garden vocabulary lesson – coming up soon!

Browse our French vocabulary section for over 150 Free French vocabulary lessons, many with audio recordings.

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