Un Bistro, une Brasserie, un Restaurant ? What’s the Difference?

Author: Camille Chevalier-Karfis

What is the difference between un bistro, un resto and une brasserie? The three are types of restaurants in France, so food will be involved! But there are important differences among these three kinds of French restaurants.

Un Bistro = Your French Neighborhood Restaurant

Un bistro (also spelled bistrot) is usually a pretty casual neighborhood restaurant that offer typical French cuisine.

Bistros can be more or less trendy depending where they are, and although “un bistro” is usually low key and a bit loud, I’ve know some that are actually quite upscale.

Prices varies tremendously depending on the said bistro.

Un Restaurant = Any Kind of Food

Un restaurant (or “un restau” or “resto” in short) serves any kind of food. It may be more or less chic. Prices and ambiance vary very much as well depending on the kind of restaurant…

  • Ce soir, tu veux aller au restau chinois, indien ou libanais ?
    Tonight, would you like to go to the Chinese, Indian or Lebanese restaurant?

Restaurants and bistros serve lunch and dinner at fixed hours. The hours may differ but usually it’s 12:00 till 2:30-3PM for lunch, 7:30PM till about midnight for dinner.

The ambiance and setting of restaurants in France can vary tremendously. We do have American style fast food but the French equivalent would be “un restaurant ouvrier” – nothing in common really, but food served fast and in a very relaxed setting, for a very good price.

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On the opposite of the scale, you’d have “un grand restaurant” which doesn’t mean that it’s big in size, but big in quality of the experience… So expect excellent cuisine and “chichi” service, and the bill to go with it. Au contraire, “un petit restaurant” means a neighborhood restaurant, maybe even “un bistro”: a restaurant not pretentious and not too expensive.

And then, you pretty much have everything in between. There are many, many websites and apps now available to check on a restaurant before you go in: I like “la fourchette” but it’s not the only one. In any case, do check on the restaurant you are about to go to when you are in big cities. There are tourists traps, but with so many delicious restaurants all around you in large French cities, it’s a shame to waste a meal!

Watch out that in big cities, making a reservation is a good idea, especially on the weekends.

More about Dining Etiquette and Tips in France.

restaurant, bistro, brasserie

Une Brasserie = All Day, Late Night, Traditional French Cuisine

Brasseries serve throughout the day, till sometimes very late at night and have a larger menu, with usually very traditional French cuisine.

Brasseries are very traditional French cuisine restaurant: they can be pricey, and although popular with business people, so somewhat on the casual side, they can be quite upscale.

Brasseries are not the best choice for a romantic dinner for two. They are usually a bit noisy, often being held in large, high ceiling, open (and luxurious) rooms.

You are likely to find the same dishes in many different brasseries, like:

  1. “un steak tartare” – raw ground beef steak with seasonings
  2. “des huitres” – oysters (read my article for French pronunciation of oysters an a fun practice video)
  3. un coq au vin” – rooster (or chicken) in a heavy wine gravy
  4. “une choucroute garnie”: sauerkraut

There are many, many famous “brasseries” in France, several are very famous and older, like in Paris “Bofinger”, “La Coupole”, “Le Sud”, “Julien”, “Brasserie Flo” – all known for their amazing Art Déco decors and history.

Author: Camille Chevalier-Karfis

Camille Chevalier-Karfis

Born and raised in Paris, I have been teaching today's French to adults for 25+ years in the US and France. Based on my students' goals and needs, I've created unique downloadable French audiobooks focussing on French like it's spoken today, for all levels. Come to Paimpol and enjoy an exclusive French immersion homestay with me in Brittany.

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