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French Vegetable Vocabulary

Suzanne By Suzanne - updated on Aug 18, 2020
vegetables on a french market

Learn how to say vegetable in French and the French vegetable names presented as a list of French vegetable vocabulary with English translation.

French immersion teacher Suzanne loves to garden and has a beautiful French garden. She also loves to grow her own vegetables and today, she’s put together this list of French vegetables with English translation.

If you can thing of more French vegetable names, please add them to the comment section below (with their English translation) and I’ll complete the list. Thank you!

1 – French Vegetable List

  1. French Vegetable Vocabulary
  2. l’ail (m) – garlic (note we would say “une tête d’ail” for a head of garlic and “une gousse d’ail” for a clove of garlic.
  3. l’artichaut  (m) – artichoke
  4. l’asperge  (f) – asparagus
  5. l’avocat (m) – avocado
  6. la betterave jaune/rouge (f) – beetroot (red & golden)
  7. la blette  – chard
  8. la carotte – carrot
  9. le céleri-branche – stick celery
  10. le céleri-rave – celeriac
  11. le chou blanc/rouge/ vert – green/ red /white cabbage
  12. le chou-fleur -cauliflower
  13. les brocolis (m but usually used in the plural in French) – broccoli
  14. le chou de Bruxelles – Bruxelles’ sprouts
  15. le chou kale – kale
  16. le concombre – cucumber
  17. la courgette – zucchini
  18. la courge d’hiver (Butternut) – winter squash
  19. l’échalotte (f) – shallot
  20. l’épinard (m) – spinach
  21. la fève – broad bean
  22. les fleurs comestibles (bourrache/capucine/souci…) – edible flowers (borage, nasturtium, French marigold)
  23. le haricot vert – green bean as in “le haricot d’Espagne/grimpant” – runner bean, climbing bean or “le haricot nain” – dwarf bean, French bean if you wanted to be really precise… Not to be mistaken with “les haricots secs” which are (dry) beans.
  24. le lupin comestible – edible lupin
  25. la mâche – lamb’s lettuce
  26. le maïs doux – sweetcorn
  27. le navet – turnip
  28. l’oignon (m) – onion
  29. l’oignon vert (m) – scallion also called “les petits oignons”
  30. le panais – parsnip
  31. la patate douce – sweet potato
  32. la patate – potato – also commonly called “la pomme de terre”.
  33. le piment – chili pepper
  34. le poireau – leek
  35. le poivron doux – sweet pepper
  36. le potimarron – pumpkin
  37. le pois mangetout – mangetout pea
  38. le radis – radish
  39. la roquette – rocket
  40. le rutabaga – swede
  41. la salade verte (batavia, laitue, romaine etc) – lettuce (often known by the name of the variety). Note that by default, if someone asked you to buy “une salade” they’d expect some kind of green lettuce, not a potatoes salad…
  42. la tomate – tomato… hum, fruit or vegetable? I’ll let you decide!
  43. le topinambour – Jerusalem artichoke
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2 – How do you Say Vegetable in French?

Vegetable in French is “un légume”: this refers to (mostly) green vegetables, veggies, not to be mistaken with ‘a legume’ which is “une légumineuse”, a feminine word in French:

Les lentilles sont des légumineuses
Lentils are legumes.

If you enjoy this article, you may like this article about being vegan in France + vocabulary.

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