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🤴👸 French Castle Vocabulary

Camille Chevalier-Karfis By Camille Chevalier-Karfis - updated on Jan 18, 2021

Learn the French castle vocabulary as well as the French nobility titles, how to say king in French… French terms with English translations.

It’s difficult to travel to France without visiting at least one castle. Castles are everywhere in France!

This list of French castle vocabulary and French nobility terms will certainly come in handy.

1 – French Castle Terms

  1. un château fort – fortified castle, stronghold
  2. le pont-levis – drawbridge
  3. une meurtrière – arrow slit
  4. le donjon – keep
  5. les créneaux – crenelations (openings on top of the ramparts)
  6. un cachot – dungeon
  7. un corps de garde – gatehouse
  8. la grande salle – great hall
  9. les douves (f) – moat
  10. une herse – portcullis
  11. le trône – throne
  12. une tour – tower
  13. une tourelle – turret
  14. les remparts – rampart, wall
  15. une tour de guet – watchtower
  16. la cotte de mailles – chain mail
  17. un archer – archer
  18. l’armure (f) – armor
  19. une épée – sword
  20. une arbalète – crossbow
  21. un bouclier – shield
  22. un belier – battering ram
  23. une catapulte – catapult
  24. le siège – siege

Can you suggest more French castle terms? Please add them in French and English to the comments below and I’ll add them up to the list!

Now that we’ve studied the French castle terms, let’s see the French vocabulary to talk about French nobility.

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2 – French Nobility Terms

How do you say king in French?

In French, the king is “le roi”.

How do you say queen in French?

In French, the queen is “la reine”.

French Nobility Titles

  1. un chevalier – knight
  2. un seigneur – lord
  3. un baron – baron
  4. une baronne – baroness
  5. un vicomte – viscount
  6. une vicomtesse – viscountess
  7. un comte – count
  8. une comtesse – countess
  9. un marquis – marques
  10. une marquise – marquesa / marquise
  11. un duc – duke (say the final c)
  12. une duchesse – duchess
  13. un prince – prince
  14. une princesse – princess
  15. un roi – king
  16. une reine – queen
  17. le dauphin – heir apparent
  18. la dauphine – crown princess
  19. L’empereur – emperor
  20. l’imperatrice – empress

3 – Other French Royalty Terms

  1. la noblesse – nobility
  2. un /une noble – noble person
  3. l’aristocratie (f) – aristocracy
  4. un / une aristocrate – aristocrat
  5. la monarchie – monarchy
  6. un monarque – monarch
  7. la dynastie – dynasty
  8. l’empire (m) – empire
  9. imperial – imperial
  10. le régent – regent
  11. royal – royal
  12. son altesse royale – his/her royal highness
  13. le trône – throne

If you liked this lesson, you may be interested in the many free French stories on French Today about French castles (go down the list to “c” for castle) and Camille’s cultural article about understanding the French bourgeoisie.

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